What is a Syphilis?
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. It can affect both men and women. There are 4 different stages of syphilis: primary, secondary, latent and tertiary syphilis.
Prevalence of Syphilis
Syphilis is not that prevalent in the general population, however syphilis is becoming increasingly common among men who have sex with men and in many Indigenous communities.
The population rate of diagnosis of infectious syphilis more than doubled, from 3.1 per 100,000 to 6.6 per 100,000 in 2007.
2008 Annual Surveillance Report: HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis and Sexually Transmissible Infections in Australia
How is it transmitted?
Syphilis is usually transmitted by having unprotected vaginal, anal and oral sex with someone who has the infection. It can also be caught by direct contact with open sores. Additionally, a pregnant woman with syphilis can pass it onto her baby in the womb.
Sex therapy and Relationship Counselling is available in Sydney, New South Wales (NSW) - Melbourne, Victoria (VIC) - Adalaide, South Australia (SA) - Perth, Western Australia (WA) - Darwin, Northern Territories (NT) - Hobart, Tasmania (TAS) - Brisbane, Queensland (QLD) - Canberra, Australian Capital territory (ACT)