What is a Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis B is caused by the Hepatitis B virus and is one of the viruses that can cause inflammation of the liver. When the hepatitis B virus enters the body it travels to the liver via the bloodstream. In the liver, the virus attaches to healthy liver cells and multiplies.
Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases in the world and is a serious public health problem. In Australia, it is estimated between 90,000 and 160,000 people are chronically infected with hepatitis B.
Source: National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). Available from: URL: http:www9.health.gov.au/cda/Source/CDAindex.cfm.
How is it transmitted?
Hepatitis B lives in blood, semen and vaginal fluids.
It is transmitted by:
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